Москва – столица России
Андреев Егор, учениц 9 класса
Смотрова Анна, ученица 9 класса
Круглова Ксения, ученица 9 класса
Руководитель: Юрьева Оксана Владимировна
Москва – столица России.
Какие достопримечательности Москвы стоит посмотреть?
Предполагаемые достопримечательности, которые являются наиболее популярными среди туристов: Кремль, Красная площадь, Третьяковская галерея, Большой театр, Воробьевы горы.
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1. The Kremlin
The Kremlin is the heart of Moscow. It is the oldest historical and architectural center of the city. The Kremlin - home to Russia's political power, seat of the ancient Russian Orthodox Church. It is full of outstanding monuments of Russian history and culture. They are the Cathedral of Assumption, the Cathedral of Saint Basil, Armory Chamber, Diamond Fond and others.
2. The Red Square
Red Square is a large open square in the center of Moscow. It is located in front of the Kremlin's western wall. The square is fenced in the State Historical Museum building, the GUM building, and St. Basil Cathedral. For many centuries Red Square has served as the place for important historical events. Red Square was founded at the end of the 15th century.
3. St Basil's Cathedral
St. Basil Cathedral is one of the most outstanding monuments of Old Russian architecture. It was built in 1561 to celebrate Russian victory over Kazan kingdom. In the 16th century the tourists admired the beauty of the cathedral, and for the Russians it became the symbol of native history and culture. St Basil’s was and still is an unusual cathedral: the architects built 8 small churches around the main dome and made the paths from one church to another. Every church is devoted to a separate saint. The cathedral was being rebuilt over and over, so what you see now is in fact about 200 years old. It's really strange how such a chaotic mix of architecture and colors can look so beautiful, but it does.
4. Cathedral of Christ the Savior
The main religious attraction of Moscow is the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. On December 25, 1812 Russian Emperor Alexander I signed an order, according to which it was supposed to build a temple dedicated to Russia's victory over Napoleon in Moscow. The new temple was to symbolize the feat of Russian people. The Cathedral of Christ the Savoir is the largest Orthodox church in the world. The building is magnificent, but not as old as it looks: it was rebuilt in 2000 after the original was demolished by Stalin.
5. The State Tretyakov Gallery
The State Tretyakov Gallery is one of the famous and the well-known picture galleries in our country and all over the world. The gallery has got many halls and contains over 50 thousand paintings, sculptures, drawings representing the history of Russia artistic culture from the 11th century to the present day.
6. The State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts
The State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts is also one of the most outstanding art museums in the world. The museum's name is misleading, as it has nothing to do with the famous Russian poet. It was founded by professor Ivan Tsvetaev (father of the poet Marina Tsvetaeva). Tsvetaev persuaded the millionaire and philanthropist Yuriy Nechaev-Maltsov and the fashionable architect Roman Klein of the urgent need to give Moscow a fine arts museum.The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts has one of the most representative collection in Russia of foreign art dated from ancient times to modern days. The exposition of the Museum includes today a vast collection of tinted plaster casts of famous ancient, medieval and Renaissance sculptures and a collection of original works of foreign artists, sculptors and graphics together with objects of decorative arts.
7. The Bolshoi and the Maly Theatres
Bolshoi is one of the leading ballet and opera companies in the world. Bolshoi Theatre has always been and remains one of the major symbols of our great nation and its culture. The history of music theatre development worldwide has proved that steady and rapid development of the theatre company has to be warranted by the high quality productions that are comparable to the highest international standards. This requires new ideas and new approaches to creative work as well as new technological level on the production side.
Moscow’s Maly Theatre opened in 1824 with a company which had been in existence since 1806. It is the oldest theatre in the city. The theatre recruits new actors primarily from its own Shchepkin Theatre School. This undergraduate level drama school was established in 1809 and has always been run as a division of the Maly Theatre. The basis of the Maly theatre repertoire consists of Russian and foreign classics. While the Russian classics mainly focus on plays by Ostrovsky, the foreign ones include plays by authors such as Schiller, Shakespeare, Moler, Goldoni, Skrib and Tirso de Molina. Being the imperial theatre, the Maly has always gained international attention. At present, the management of the Maly theatre is in contact with various foreign theatres.
8. Moscow Zoo
Did you know that Moscow Zoo is one of the oldest Zoos in Europe? Its first name has been Zoological Park and it was open for visitors since 12th February year 1864. Since then more then 140 years went by. Through all these years of peace, war, revolution - the Zoo was open. Even during the year 1941 it had 1 million visitors. Nowadays it appears to be right in the middle of the great city. Thanks to the Government of Moscow the Zoo was fully transformed. Reconstruction took place and now unique collection of animals can be seen through glass fences and wide ditches.
Welcome to Moscow ZOO!
9. Moscow Circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard
Moscow Circus on Tsvetnoi Boulevard was the only circus in Moscow between 1926 and 1971 and still remains the most popular one. The circus building was opened on 20 October 1880 as the Solomonsky Circus. Known by a variety of names during the Soviet period, the troupe was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1939. Among the famous performers who worked there were the clowns Karandash, Oleg Popov, and Yury Nikulin, who managed the company for fifteen years and whose name it has borne since his passing in 1997. In front of the building is a remarkable statue of Nikulin, whose son has been in charge of the circus ever since his death.
10. Ostankinskaya Tower
Ostankinskaya Tower is the well known sight of Moscow. It is the highest building in Europe. Its height is 540 meters. It was projected by Russian architect Nikitin and was built in 1961-1968. Ostankinskaya Tower is a large television and communications tower located in Moscow. It is possible to go up inside the tower as a tourist, there's even a restaurant up there, and to get an amazing view of the city.
В результате исследования мы выяснили, что в Москве огромное количество достопримечательностей. Мы сделали подборку 10 мест, посещаемых туристами и, с нашей точки зрения, наиболее значимых и интересных для всех. Как вы знаете вкусы различны (Tastes differ), но, несомненно, Москва может удовлетворить потребности даже искушенного туриста. Добро пожаловать!
- Биболетова М. З. и др. Enjoy English Учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд. – Обнинск: Титул, 2007
- Учебный комплекс "Click On Russia" под редакцией В. Эванс и О. Афанасьевой, Уровень 1-4, ООО издательства "ЦентрКом" г. Москва